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Newfoundland and Labrador
Regulation 2004


NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR REGULATION 152/04

NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR
REGULATION 152/04

Cargo Securement Regulations
under the
Highway Traffic Act

(Filed December 21, 2004)

Under the authority of section 197 of the Highway Traffic Act, I make the following regulations.

Dated at St. John’s, December 20, 2004.

Dianne Whalen
Minister of Government Services and Lands

REGULATIONS

Analysis


        1.   Short title

        2.   Definitions

        3.   Application

        4.   Prohibition

        5.   General securement

        6.   Driver duties

              PART I
GENERAL PERFORMANCE CRITERIA

        7.   Cargo securement systems

        8.   Performance criteria

        9.   Appropriate system

      10.   Equivalent means of securement

      11.   Exemption

      12.   General

      13.   Minimum strength

      14.   Marked working load limit

      15.   Unmarked devices

      16.   Steel strapping

      17.   Blocking systems

      18.   Rub rails

      19.   Timber

      20.   Placement of cargo

      21.   Prevention of rolling

      22.   Tiedown tension

      23.   Tiedown edge protectors

      24.   Tiedown working load limit

      25.   Tiedown minimum number

      26.   Application to front end structures

      27.   Height and width

      28.   Strength

      29.   Penetration resistance

              PART II
SECUREMENT BY CARGO TYPE

      30.   Application

      31.   Sand, gravel and crushed stone

      32.   Fish

      33.   Application re: logs

      34.   Vehicle transporting logs

      35.   Log configuration

      36.   Securement system

      37.   Shortwood loaded crosswise

      38.   One stack of shortwood loaded crosswise

      39.   Two stacks of shortwood loaded crosswise

      40.   Long vehicles carrying shortwood loaded crosswise

      41.   Shortwood loaded lengthwise

      42.   Longwood loaded lengthwise

      43.   Pole trailers

      44.   Application to dressed lumber

      45.   Side by side

      46.   Securement for dressed lumber

      47.   Bundles blocked for lateral movement by stakes

      48.   Bundles restrained by blocking

      49.   Bundles on top of other bundles or on spacers

      50.   Layers of bundles

      51.   Application to metal coils

      52.   Coils transported with eyes vertical

      53.   Coils transported with eyes crosswise

      54.   Coils transported with eyes lengthwise

      55.   Rows of coils

      56.   Prohibition

      57.   No anchor points

      58.   Application to paper rolls

      59.   Friction mats

      60.   Chocks, wedges and blocking

      61.   Banding

      62.   Single layer of paper roll, eyes vertical in sided vehicle

      63.   Split cargo with eyes vertical

      64.   Stacked paper rolls with eyes vertical

      65.   Single layer, eyes crosswise

      66.   Rear doors

      67.   Stacked cargo , eyes crosswise in sided vehicle

      68.   Single layer transported eyes lengthwise

      69.   Stacked rolls transported eyes lengthwise

      70.   Cargo on flatbed or curtain sided vehicle with eyes lengthwise

      71.   Cargo on flatbed or curtain sided vehicle with eyes crosswise

      72.   Application to concrete pipes

      73.   Definition

      74.   Tiedowns

      75.   Blocking

      76.   Multi sized pipe

      77.   Arranging layers

      78.   Bell pipe

      79.   Single or bottom layer small pipe

      80.   Tiedowns for securing layers

      81.   Top layer, small pipes

      82.   Large pipes

      83.   Application to intermodal containers

      84.   Internodal container  on container chassis vehicle

      85.   Loaded intermodal container on other vehicles

      86.   Empty intermodal container on other vehicles

      87.   Application to vehicles as cargo

      88.   Light vehicles

      89.   Heavy vehicles

      90.   Flattened or crushed light vehicles

      91.   Prohibition

      92.   Securement for immobilized stacks of flattened vehicles

      93.   Containment of loose parts

      94.   Application to roll on, roll off and hook lift containers

      95.   Replacement of securing devices

      96.   No integral securement system

      97.   Application to boulders

      98.   Positioning on vehicle

      99.   Tiedowns

    100.   Number of tiedowns

              PART III
INSPECTION, OFFENCE, PENALTIES

    101.   Detention of vehicle or cargo

    102.   Offence

    103.   Repeal

    104.   Commencement

Schedule A

Schedule B


Short title

        1. These Regulations may be cited as the Cargo Securement Regulations.

Definitions

        2. In these regulations

             (a)  "Act" means the Highway Traffic Act;

             (b)  "anchor point" means the part of the structure, fitting or attachment on a vehicle or cargo to which a tiedown is attached;

             (c)  "bell pipe" means concrete pipe with a flanged end that is bigger in diameter than the barrel;

             (d)  "blocking" means a substantial structure, device or article placed against or around cargo to prevent horizontal movement;

             (e)  "bolster" means a transverse, load bearing, structural horizontal component of a bunk-securing device;

              (f)  "boulder" means a single piece of natural or quarried, irregularly shaped rock that

                      (i)  weighs 5 000 kilograms or more, or

                     (ii)  has a volume of more than 2 cubic metres;

             (g)  "bracing" means a structure, device or article placed against another structure, device or article to prevent tipping;

             (h)  "bulkhead" means a vertical barrier across a vehicle to prevent the cargo moving forward;

              (i)  "bundle" means articles that have been unitized for the purpose of securing them as a single article with a uniform shape;

              (j)  "bunk" means a horizontal bolster that

                      (i)  is installed transversely across a vehicle, and

                     (ii)  is fitted with a stake at each end;

             (k)  "cab shield" means a vertical barrier

                      (i)  placed directly behind the cab of a truck or truck tractor, and

                      (i)  capable of protecting the driver if cargo moves forward;

              (l)  "cargo" means all articles or material carried by a vehicle, including those used in the operation of the vehicle but does not include passengers;

            (m)  "cargo securement system" means the method by which cargo is contained or secured and includes vehicle structures, securing devices and all components of the system;

             (n)  "carrier" has the same meaning as in the Carrier Safety Regulations;

             (n)  "chock" means a tapered or wedge-shaped part used to prevent round articles from rolling;

             (o)  "cleat" means a short piece of material nailed to the deck to reinforce blocking;

             (p)  "Code" means the Cargo Securement Code being the National Safety Code Standard Number 10;

             (q)  "coil bunk" means a device that keeps the timbers supporting a metal coil in place;

              (r)  "contained" with respect to cargo means that

                      (i)  the cargo fills a sided vehicle,

                     (ii)  every article is in contact with or close to a wall or other articles, and

                    (iii)  the cargo cannot move or tip;

             (s)  "container chassis vehicle" means a vehicle specifically built for and fitted with locking devices for the transport of intermodal containers;

              (t)  "cradle" means a structure that holds a circular article and prevents it from rolling;

             (u)  "cylinder well" means the depression formed between 2 cylindrical articles when they are laid against each other with their eyes horizontal and parallel;

             (v)  "deck" means the floor of a vehicle onto which the cargo is loaded;

            (w)  "dunnage" means loose material used to support and protect cargo;

             (x)  "duty status" means, in respect of a driver, any of the following periods:

                      (i)  off-duty time spent in a sleeper berth;

                     (ii)  off-duty time, other than time spent in a sleeper berth;

                    (iii)  driving time; or

                    (iv)  on-duty time, other than driving time;

             (y)  "edge protector" means a device put on the exposed edge of an article of cargo

                      (i)  to protect a tiedown or the article from damage, or

                     (ii)  to distribute tiedown forces over a greater area;

             (z)  "fish" includes fish, crustaceans, molluscs, marine animals and parts, products and by-products of them;

           (aa)  "flatbed vehicle" means a vehicle with a deck but no permanent sides;

          (bb)  "forward" with respect to a vehicle means towards the cab or engine;

           (cc)  "frame vehicle" means a vehicle for transporting logs that has a skeletal structure fitted with a front bunk and a rear bunk that together cradle a stack of logs as an integral part of the vehicle;

          (dd)  "friction mat" means a device placed between a deck and cargo, or between articles of cargo, that increases the friction between them;

           (ee)  "front end structure" means a vertical barrier across the front of a deck that prevents cargo moving forward;

            (ff)  "heavy vehicle" means

                      (i)  a vehicle that weighs more than 4 500 kilograms, or

                     (ii)  equipment or machinery that operates on wheels or tracks and weighs more than 4500 kilograms;

          (gg)  "hook-lift container" means a specialized container that is loaded and unloaded onto a tilt frame body by an articulating hook-arm;

          (hh)  "integral locking device" means a device that is designed and used to restrain an article of cargo by connecting and locking attachment points on the article to anchor points on the vehicle;

             (ii)  "integral securement system" means a roll-on/roll-off container or a hook-lift container and the vehicle used to transport them which are equipped with compatible front and rear hold-down devices which secure the container to the vehicle;

             (jj)  "intermodal container" means a reusable, transportable container that is specially designed with integral locking devices to secure it to a container chassis vehicle;

           (kk)  "large pipe" means concrete pipe with an inside diameter of more than 114.3 centimetres;

             (ll)  "lengthwise" means along the vehicle from the cab or tongue at the front to the rear;

         (mm)  "light vehicle" means

                      (i)  an automobile, truck or van that weighs 4 500 kilograms or less, or

                     (ii)  a piece of equipment or machinery that operates on wheels or tracks and weighs 4 500 kilograms or less;

          (nn)  "log" includes a utility pole, a treated pole and a building component of a log cabin;

          (oo)  "longwood" means logs longer than 4.9 m;

          (pp)  "pallet" means a platform or tray on which cargo is placed so that it can be handled as a unit;

          (qq)  "pole trailer" means a trailer with a frame that consists only of a drawbar;

            (rr)  "rail vehicle" means a vehicle fitted with stakes at the front and rear to contain logs loaded crosswise;

           (ss)  "restrain" includes prevent from tipping or moving;

            (tt)  "roll-on, roll-off container" means a specialized container which is loaded and unloaded onto a tilt frame body by a lifting mechanism in conjunction with rollers which are fixed to the container;

          (uu)  "rub rail" means a rail along the side of a vehicle that protects the side of the vehicle from impact;

          (vv)  "securing device" means a device specifically designed and manufactured to attach, restrain or secure cargo;

         (ww)  "shoring bar " means a device placed transversely between the walls of a vehicle and cargo to prevent the cargo from tipping or moving;

            (xx)  "shortwood" means logs that are not more than 4.9 metres long;

          (yy)  "sided vehicle" means a vehicle, including a van, a dump bodied vehicle and a sided intermodal container carried by vehicle, with a cargo compartment that is enclosed on all sides by walls

                      (i)  that are strong enough to contain the cargo, and

                     (ii)  that may have latched openings for loading and unloading;

            (zz)  "small pipe" means concrete pipe with an inside diameter of up to 114.3 centimetres;

         (aaa)  "spacer" means material placed under an article, or between layers of articles, to make loading and unloading easier;

        (bbb)  "stack", in reference to crushed vehicles, means a bounded bundle not more than 6 crushed vehicles where no movement can occur between vehicles;

         (ccc)  "stake" means a part, including a standard, that

                      (i)  is mounted close to vertical on a vehicle frame or as part of a bunk, and

                     (ii)  that immobilizes cargo placed against it;

        (ddd)  "strapping" means tensioned strips of material that are clamped or crimped back on themselves;

         (eee)  "tiedown" means a combination of securing devices that are attached to one or more anchor points on a vehicle;

           (fff)  "transport" means the carriage of cargo by a vehicle while on a highway;

        (ggg)  "unitized" means wrapped, banded or bound together so that several articles can be handled as a single article of cargo or behave as a single article;

        (hhh)  "vehicle" means a truck, truck tractor, individually or in combination with one or more semi trailers or trailers;

            (iii)  "void filler" means material that is

                      (i)  used to fill a space between the cargo and the structure of the vehicle, and

                     (ii)  is strong enough to prevent the cargo from moving; and

            (jjj)  "working load limit" means the maximum load that may be applied to a component of a cargo securement system during normal service determined in accordance with sections 11 to 25.

Application

        3. These regulations apply to

             (a)  a vehicle transporting cargo on a highway in the province;

             (b)  a vehicle that exceeds a registered gross vehicle weight of 4500 kilograms; and

             (c)  cargo transported by an intermodal container.

Prohibition

        4. (1) A person shall not operate a vehicle to carry or transport cargo except in accordance with these regulations.

             (2)  A carrier shall not permit a driver to operate a vehicle where the cargo transported in or on the vehicle is not contained, immobilized or secured in accordance with these regulations.

             (3)  A driver shall not operate a vehicle where the cargo transported in or on that vehicle is not contained, immobilized or secured in accordance with these regulations.

General securement

        5. Notwithstanding paragraphs 2(hhh) and 3(a), cargo transported by a vehicle as defined in the Act shall be contained, immobilized or secured so that it cannot

             (a)  leak, spill, blow off, fall from, fall through or otherwise be dislodged from the vehicle; and

             (b)  shift upon or within the vehicle that transports the cargo to such an extent that the vehicle’s stability or manoeuvrability is adversely affected.

Driver duties

        6. (1) The driver of a vehicle shall

             (a)  inspect the vehicle to confirm that the vehicle’s tailgate, tailboard, doors, tarpaulins, spare tire, and other equipment used in its operation, are secured,

             (b)  ensure that the cargo does not interfere with the driver’s ability to drive the vehicle safely, and

             (c)  ensure that the cargo does not interfere with the free exit of a person from the cab or driver’s compartment of the vehicle.

             (2)  The driver of a vehicle shall inspect the vehicle’s cargo and the cargo securement system used and make necessary adjustments:

             (a)  before driving the vehicle, and

             (b)  not more than 80 kilometres from the point where the cargo was loaded.

             (3)  The driver of a vehicle shall re-inspect the vehicle’s cargo and its cargo securement system and make necessary adjustments to the cargo or cargo securement system as necessary, including adding more securing devices, at the earliest of the time

             (a)  there is a change of duty status of the driver,

             (b)  the vehicle has been driven for 3 hours; or

             (c)  the vehicle has been driven for 240 kilometres.

             (4)  Subsections (2) and (3) do not apply to a driver where

             (a)  the cargo is sealed in a vehicle and the driver has been ordered not to open it to inspect the cargo; or

             (b)  the vehicle is loaded in a manner that makes the cargo, or portions of the cargo, inaccessible.

             (5)  The driver of a vehicle transporting logs, before the vehicle enters a highway from a private road, shall

             (a)  inspect the vehicle, the logs and the securing devices to ensure compliance with this Standard; and

             (b)  make necessary adjustments to the securing devices, including adding more securing devices.

PART I
GENERAL PERFORMANCE CRITERIA

Cargo securement systems

        7. (1) Cargo securement systems, and each component of a system, used to contain, immobilize or secure cargo on or within the vehicle shall be strong enough to withstand the forces described in subsection 8(1).

             (2)  The components of the cargo securement system of a vehicle shall

             (a)  be in proper working order;

             (b)  be fit for the purpose for which they are used;

             (c)  shall have no knots, damaged or weakened components that will adversely affect their performance for cargo securement purposes; and

             (d)  not have any cracks or cuts.

             (3)  A securing device or integral locking device used to secure cargo to a vehicle shall itself be secured in a manner that prevents it from becoming unfastened while the vehicle is on a highway.

Performance criteria

        8. (1) The cargo securement system shall be capable of withstanding the forces that result if the vehicle is subjected to each of the following accelerations

             (a)  0.8 g deceleration in a forward direction;

             (b)  0.5 g deceleration in a rearward direction;

             (c)  0.5 g acceleration in either sideways direction.

             (2)  The cargo securement system shall provide a downward force equal to at least 20 % of the weight of an article of cargo if the article is not fully contained within the structure of the vehicle.

             (3)  The load on a component of a cargo securement system that reacts to a force referred to in subsection (1) or (2), shall not exceed the working load limit of the component.

Appropriate system

        9. (1) The cargo securement system used to contain, immobilize or restrain cargo shall be appropriate for the size, shape, strength and characteristics of the cargo.

             (2)  The securing devices used to secure cargo on or within a vehicle shall be

             (a)  designed and constructed for the purpose for which they are used; and

             (b)  used and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

Equivalent means of securement

      10. Where cargo transported by a vehicle is contained, immobilized or secured in accordance with the requirements of sections 12 to 21, 22 to 29 and Part II, it meets the requirements of section 8.

Exemption

      11. (1) Sections 12 to 21 do not apply to the transport of a commodity in bulk that lacks structure, fixed shape or is fluid that is transported in a

             (a)  tank, hopper box or container that is manufactured as part of a vehicle which does the transporting; or

             (b)  vehicle that is specifically manufactured to transport that commodity.

             (2)  Where a vehicle has been specifically designed to transport a commodity, the registrar may require the original vehicle manufacturer to certify, in writing, that the vehicle has been designed to carry that commodity and that the securement method for that commodity meets or exceeds the requirements of these regulations.

General

      12. Cargo shall be firmly immobilized or secured on or within a vehicle by structures of adequate strength, blocking, bracing, dunnage or dunnage bags, shoring bars, tiedowns or a combination of these.

Minimum strength

      13. (1) In this section, the "aggregate working load limit" is the sum of 1/2 of the working load limit for each end section of a tiedown that is attached to an anchor point.

             (2)  The aggregate working load limit of the cargo securement system used to secure an article of cargo on or within a vehicle shall not be less than 50 % of the weight of the article.

             (3)  The aggregate working load limit of the cargo securement system used to secure a group of articles of cargo on or within a vehicle shall be not less than 50% of the total weight of the group.

Marked working load limit

      14. (1) The working load limit of a tiedown or a component of a tiedown that is marked by its manufacturer with a numeric working load limit is the marked working load limit.

             (2)  A tiedown or a component of a tiedown that is marked by its manufacturer in accordance with a standard referred to in Schedule B attached to these regulations has a working load limit equal to that standard.

             (3)  A chain that is marked by the manufacturer in accordance with the table of working load limits in Schedule B attached to these regulations has a working load limit equal to the amount shown for the grade and size.

             (4)  On and after January 1, 2010, a person shall not use a tiedown or a component of a tiedown to secure cargo to a vehicle unless it is marked by the manufacturer with respect to its working load limit.

Unmarked devices

      15. (1) This section applies to securing devices used to secure cargo to a vehicle that are not marked by the manufacturer with a working load limit.

             (2)  Chain shall have a working load limit equal to that of the same size of grade 3 proof coil referred to in schedule A.

             (3)  Synthetic webbing that is not marked by its manufacturer shall have the working load limit referred to in schedule A based on its width.

             (4)  Wire rope shall have the working load limit referred to in schedule A based on its diameter.

             (5)  Manila rope shall have the working load limit referred to in schedule A. based on its diameter

             (6)  Polypropylene fibre rope, polyester fibre rope, nylon rope and double braided nylon rope shall have the working load limit referred to in schedule A based on its diameter.

             (7)  Synthetic cordage that is not marked or labelled to identify its composition shall have the working load limit referred to in schedule A based on its diameter.

             (8)  Steel strapping shall have the working load limit referred to in schedule A based on its width.

             (9)  A friction mat which is not marked by the manufacturer with a working load limit shall be considered to provide resistance to horizontal movement equal to 50% of the weight of the cargo resting on the mat.

           (10)  A tiedown or a component of a tiedown that is not referred to in subsections (2) to (9) shall have a working load limit equal to the working load limit of the lowest grade or classification assigned in accordance with schedule A.

Steel strapping

      16. (1) Steel strapping that is 2.54 centimetres wide or wider used to secure cargo to a vehicle shall have at least 2 pairs of crimps in each seal.

             (2)  An end-over-end lap joint formed in steel strapping used to secure cargo to a vehicle shall be sealed with at least 2 seals.

Blocking systems

      17. The aggregate working load limit of the components of a blocking system used as a unique form of securement to prevent an article of cargo from moving forward, including tiedowns used as blocking, shall not be less than 50% of the weight of the article being blocked.

Rub rails

      18. The securing devices used on or within a vehicle shall, wherever practical, be located inboard the rub rails where the vehicle has rub rails.

Timber

      19. Timber used on or within a vehicle as dunnage, chocks or cradles or for blocking or bracing shall be strong enough so that it will not be split or crushed by the cargo or the tiedowns.

Placement of cargo

      20. Where articles of cargo on or within a vehicle are placed beside each other and secured by tiedowns that pass over 2 or more articles, the articles shall be

             (a)  placed in direct contact with each other, or

             (b)  prevented from moving towards each other while the vehicle is on a highway.

Prevention of rolling

      21. Where a cargo or portion of cargo may roll, it shall be restrained by chocks, wedges, a cradle or another securing device that prevents the cargo from rolling.

Tiedown tension

      22. (1) A tiedown used to secure cargo to a vehicle shall be designed, constructed and maintained so that the driver of the vehicle can tighten it.

             (2)  The driver of a vehicle shall ensure that tiedowns are taut while the vehicle is on a highway.

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not apply to steel strapping.

             (4)  A tiedown used to secure cargo to a vehicle shall be used in a manner that prevents the tiedown from slipping, loosening, unfastening, opening or releasing while the vehicle is on a highway.

             (5)  A tiedown used to secure stacked articles of cargo shall be considered to contribute to the securement of all articles of cargo on which that tiedown causes pressure

Tiedown edge protectors

      23. (1) An edge protector shall be used where a tiedown would be subject to abrasion or cutting at the point where it touches an article of cargo.

             (2)  An edge protector used between a tiedown and cargo shall be resistant to abrasion, cuts and crushing.

             (3)  An edge protector used between a tiedown and cargo shall allow the tiedown to slide freely when it is tightened or loosened.

Tiedown working load limit

      24. (1) Subject to subsection (2), the working load limit of a tiedown, associated connector or attachment mechanism is the lesser of

             (a)  the lowest working load limit of the components, or

             (b)  the lowest working load limit of the anchor points or associated connector or attachment mechanism to which the tiedown is attached.

             (2)  The working load limit of a tiedown that includes synthetic webbing is the least of

             (a)  the working load limit of the synthetic webbing assembly, or

             (b)  the lowest working load limit of the components, or

             (c)  the working load limit of the anchor point to which the tiedown is attached.

Tiedown minimum number

      25. (1) Cargo transported by a vehicle shall be secured using the number of tiedowns calculated under subsection (2) or (3).

             (2)  Where an individual article of cargo is not blocked or immobilized by a front end structure, bulkhead, by other immobilized cargo or by another device that prevents it moving forward, it shall be secured by at least

             (a)  one tiedown where the article is 1.52 metres or shorter and weighs not more than 500 kilograms;

             (b)  2 tiedowns where the article is

                      (i)  1.52 metres or shorter and weighs more than 500 kilograms, or

                     (ii)  longer than 1.52 metres but not longer than 3.04 metres regardless of its weight; or

             (c)  where the article is longer than 3.04 metres

                      (i)  2 tiedowns for the first 3.04 metres of length, and

                     (ii)  one extra tiedown for each additional 3.04 metres or fraction of 3.04 metres.

             (3)  Where an individual article of cargo is blocked or immobilized by a front end structure, bulkhead, by other immobilized cargo or by another device to prevent it moving forward, it shall be secured by at least

             (a)  one tiedown where the article is not longer than 3.04 meters; or

             (b)  where the article is longer than 3.04 metres

                      (i)  one tiedown for the first 3.04 metres of length, and

                     (ii)  one extra tiedown for each additional 3.04 metres or fraction of 3.04 metres.

             (4)  Notwithstanding subsection (1), where a vehicle is transporting machinery or fabricated structural items that must be secured by special methods because of their design, size, shape or weight, the special methods shall

             (a)  adequately secure any article of the cargo; and

             (b)  be properly used in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

Application to front end structures

      26. (1) Sections 26 to 29 apply to a vehicle transporting cargo that is in contact with the front-end structure of the vehicle.

             (2)  Notwithstanding subsection (1), where devices are used on a vehicle that perform the same function as the front end structure of a vehicle, the devices shall be at least as strong as and provide the same protection as a front end structure that complies with sections 26 to 29.

             (3)  A cab shield shall not be considered to be a front end structure or part of a cargo securement system.

Height and width

      27. (1) The height of the front end structure of the vehicle shall not be shorter than the shorter of

             (a)  the height at which it prevents the cargo from moving forward; and

             (b)  122 centimetres above the deck.

             (2)  The width of the front end structure of a vehicle shall not be narrower than the narrower of

             (a)  the width of the vehicle, and

             (b)  the width at which it prevents the cargo being transported from moving forward.

Strength

      28. (1) The front end structure of a vehicle shall be able to withstand a horizontal forward static load equal to 50% of the total weight of the cargo where

             (a)  the height of the front end structure is shorter than 1.83 metres; and

             (b)  the cargo is uniformly distributed over all of the front end structure.

             (2)  The front end structure of a vehicle shall be able to withstand a horizontal forward static load equal to 40% of the total weight of the cargo where

             (a)  the height of the front end structure is 1.83 metres. or higher; and

             (b)  the cargo is uniformly distributed over all of the front end structure.

Penetration resistance

      29. (1) The front-end structure of the vehicle shall be able to resist penetration by an article of cargo that contacts it when the vehicle decelerates at a rate of 6.1 metres per second per second.

             (2)  The front-end structure of the vehicle shall not have an opening or gap that is big enough to permit an article of cargo to pass through it.

PART II
SECUREMENT BY CARGO TYPE

Application

      30. (1) This Part applies in addition to and not instead of Part I.

             (2)  Where a requirement for containing, immobilizing or securing cargo transported by a vehicle required under this Part differs from a requirement under Part I, the provisions of this Part apply.

Sand, gravel and crushed stone

      31. (1) Where a vehicle that is operating on a highway in the province is carrying a load of sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag, salt or a mixture of them in the form of particles of up to 40 millimetres in diameter or is carrying waste or scrap metal, the

             (a)  portion of the load that is not enclosed by the vehicle or load container shall be covered with a covering made of tarpaulin, canvas, net or other material capable of confining the load within the vehicle or load container; and

             (b)  container shall be designed to prevent a leakage of liquids or other material or, where the load is not enclosed in a container, the vehicle shall be equipped in a manner that prevents a leakage of liquids or other material.

             (2)  Paragraph (1)(a) does not apply to a vehicle being operated in the course of

             (a)  applying brine, sand, salt, mixture of sand and salt or a similar substance on the highway for the purpose of Winter highway maintenance;

             (b)  carrying sand, gravel, crushed stone or slag, of which not less than 90% shall be clear aggregate, where the highest point of the load does not extend above the top of the vehicle or load container and the perimeters of the load are not less than 30 centimetres beneath the top of the vehicle or load container; and

             (c)  carrying materials to highways to increase driving traction during the months of December, January, February and March, including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag or salt where the highest point of the load does not extend above the top of the vehicle or load container and the perimeters of the load are not less than 30 centimetres beneath the top of the vehicle or load container.

             (3)  Paragraph 1(b) does not apply where a vehicle is being operated in the course of applying brine, sand, salt, a mixture of sand and salt or a similar substance to a highway for the purpose of winter highway maintenance.

             (4)  In subsection (2), "clear aggregate" means gravel, crushed stone or slag in the form of particles that are no less than 10 millimetres in diameter and not more than 40 millimetres in diameter.

Fish

      32. Liquid and waste associated with the transport of fish in a container must be prevented from leaking from the container in which it is held or, where the liquids are not kept in a container, must be prevented from leaking from the vehicle by fitting the vehicle with a drip tank of sufficient volume and design to contain any liquid from that fish.

Application re: logs

      33. (1) Sections 34 to 43 apply to the transportation of logs that

             (a)  are not unitized; or

             (b)  are part of a cargo that has more than 4 processed logs.

             (2)  Sections 34 to 43 do not apply to firewood, stumps, log debris or logs that are transported in a vehicle or container that is enclosed on all sides and strong enough to contain them.

             (3)  Subsections 13(2) and (3) do not apply to sections 34 to 43.

Vehicle transporting logs

      34. (1) A vehicle that is transporting logs shall be designed, built or specially adapted for such transportation.

             (2)  The vehicle shall be fitted with bunks, bolsters, stakes or other means of cradling the logs and preventing them from shifting.

             (3)  Stakes that are not permanently attached to the vehicle frame or bunk shall be secured in a manner that prevents the stakes from separating from the vehicle while it is on a highway.

Log configuration

      35. (1) Logs shall be solidly packed on a vehicle.

             (2)  The outer logs in the bottom layer of logs shall touch and rest solidly against a bunk, bolster or stake

             (3)  Outside logs on a stack of logs shall

             (a)  touch at least 2 bunks, bolsters or stakes, or

             (b)  where one end of a log does not touch a bunk, bolster or stake, it shall

                      (i)  rest on other logs in a stable manner, and

                     (ii)  extend beyond the end of the bunk, bolster or stake.

             (4)  The centre of the highest outside log on each side or end of the vehicle shall be lower than the tops of the bunks or stakes.

             (5)  The upper logs that form the top of the cargo shall be crowned.

Securement system

      36. (1) Tiedowns shall be used to secure the load, in combination with bunks, bolsters, stakes, or other means of cradling the logs.

             (2)  Sufficient additional tiedowns or other securing devices shall be used to ensure that no part of the cargo becomes dislodged where

             (a)  the wood’s condition results in such low friction between logs that they may slip against each other; or

             (b)  a log is not held in place by contact with other logs or by the bunks, bolsters or stakes.

Shortwood loaded crosswise

      37. (1) This section and sections 38 to 40 apply to shortwood loaded crosswise on a frame, rail or flatbed vehicle other than a pole trailer.

             (2)  The end of a log in the lower layer of shortwood shall not extend more than 1/3 of the log’s total length beyond the nearest supporting structure on the vehicle.

One stack of shortwood loaded crosswise

      38. (1) Notwithstanding section 25, where only one stack of shortwood is loaded crosswise, the stack shall be secured by at least 2 tiedowns arranged as follows:

             (a)  the tiedowns shall attach to the vehicle frame at the front and rear of the load, and shall cross the load lengthwise;

             (b)  the tiedowns shall be positioned at approximately one-third and two-thirds of the length of the logs.

             (2)  A vehicle built on or after January 1, 2010 shall be equipped with a device that maintains a tension not less than 900 kg at all times, and automatically takes up slack in the tiedown as the logs settle.

Two stacks of shortwood loaded crosswise

      39. (1) Notwithstanding section 25, where 2 stacks of shortwood are loaded crosswise and side-by-side on a vehicle, they shall be loaded so that

             (a)  there is no space between the 2 stacks;

             (b)  the outside of each stack is raised by a piece of metal at least 25 millimetres high within 10 centimetres of the end of the logs or the side of the vehicle and causes the load to lean toward the centre to the vehicle;

             (c)  the highest log is not more than 2.44 metres above the deck; and

             (d)  at least one tiedown used lengthwise across each stack shall

                      (i)  be located approximately midway between the bunks or stakes, and

                     (ii)  attach to the vehicle frame at the front and rear of the load.

             (2)  A vehicle built on or after January 1, 2010 shall be equipped with a device that maintains a tension not less than 900 kg at all times, and automatically takes up slack in the tiedown as the logs settle.

Long vehicles carrying shortwood loaded crosswise

      40. (1) A vehicle that is more than 10 metres long transporting shortwood loaded crosswise shall have centre stakes, or comparable structures, that divide its length into 2 approximately equal sections.

             (2)  Where the vehicle is divided by centre stakes, each tiedown shall

             (a)  secure the highest log on each side of the centre stake; and

             (b)  be fastened below that highest log.

             (3)  Where the vehicle is divided by centre stakes, each tiedown shall

             (a)  be fixed at each end and tensioned from the middle;

             (b)  be fixed in the middle and tensioned from each end; or

             (c)  pass through a pulley or similar device in the middle of the tiedown and be tensioned from one end.

             (4)  Where a stake or other structure on a vehicle transporting shortwood loaded crosswise is subjected to an upward force when the tiedowns are tightened, the stake or other structure shall be anchored to resist that force.

Shortwood loaded lengthwise

      41. (1) Notwithstanding section 25, each stack of shortwood loaded lengthwise on a frame vehicle or flatbed vehicle, other than a pole trailer, shall be secured to the vehicle by 2 or more tiedowns.

             (2)  Notwithstanding subsection (1), a stack of shortwood loaded lengthwise on a frame vehicle or flatbed vehicle, other than a pole trailer, shall be secured to the vehicle with a single tiedown located approximately midway between the bunks or stakes where all the logs in the stack

             (a)  are shorter than 3.04 metres;

             (b)  are blocked in the front by a front end structure strong enough to restrain the cargo or by another stack; and

             (c)  are blocked in the rear by another stack or the vehicle’s end structure.

             (3)  The aggregate working limit of tiedowns used to secure each stack shall be at least 1/6 of the weight of the stack.

Longwood loaded lengthwise

      42. (1) Notwithstanding section 25, a stack of longwood loaded lengthwise on a frame or flatbed vehicle, other than a pole trailer, shall be secured to the vehicle by 2 or more tiedowns.

             (2)  The aggregate working limit of tiedowns used to secure each stack shall be at least 1/6 of the weight of the stack.

             (3)  The outside logs of a stack of longwood shall be secured by 2 or more tiedowns.

Pole trailers

      43. (1) This section applies to logs, regardless of the length of individual logs, transported on pole trailers.

             (2)  Notwithstanding section 25, the logs shall be secured by

             (a)  one or more tiedowns at each bunk; or

             (b)  2 or more tiedowns used as wrappers that encircle the entire stack of logs at sufficient locations along the stack to secure it effectively.

             (3)  Where wrappers are used on a stack of logs, the wrappers at the front and rear ends of the stack shall be not less than 3.04 metres apart.

             (4)  Where the vehicle is transporting one or 2 logs with diameters greater than 0.6 metre, each log shall be individually immobilized with chock blocks or an equally effective method that prevents the logs from moving.

             (5)  Where a log with a diameter greater than 0.6 metre rises above the bunks, it shall be secured to the underlying logs with at least 2 additional tiedowns used as wrappers.

Application to dressed lumber

      44. (1) Sections 45 to 50 apply to the transportation of

             (a)  bundles of dressed lumber and packaged lumber; and

             (b)  unitized building products, including plywood, gypsum board or other materials of similar shape.

             (2)  For the purposes of sections 45 to 50, "bundle" means the material referred to in subsection (1).

Side by side

      45. Where bundles are placed side by side

             (a)  bundles shall be in direct contact with each other; or

             (b)  a method shall be used that prevents the bundles from moving towards each other.

Securement for dressed lumber

      46. Bundles carried in 2 or more layers shall be secured in accordance with sections 47 to 50.

Bundles blocked for lateral movement by stakes

      47. Bundles carried in 2 or more layers which are blocked against lateral movement by stakes on the sides of the vehicle shall be secured by tiedowns laid out over the top layer, as outlined in section 25.

Bundles restrained by blocking

      48. Bundles carried in 2 or more layers which are restrained from lateral movement by blocking or high friction devices between layers shall be secured by tiedowns laid out over the top tier, as outlined in section 25.

Bundles on top of other bundles or on spacers

      49. (1) Bundles carried in 2 or more layers placed directly on top of other bundles or on spacers of adequate size and orientation, shall be secured by

             (a)  tiedowns over the top layer of bundles, in accordance with  section 25, with a minimum of 2 tiedowns for bundle(s) longer than 1.52 metres, and

             (b)  tiedowns over the second layer of bundles, or at 1.85 metres above the vehicle deck, whichever is greater, or not over 1.85 metres above the deck for other multiple layers in accordance with the provisions of section 25, for each stack of bundles composed of more than 2 layers.

             (2)  Where spacers are used,

             (a)  the length of spacers between bundles shall provide support to all pieces in the bottom row of the bundle; and

             (b)  the width of individual spacers shall be equal to or greater than the height, and

             (c)  spacers shall provide good interlayer friction, and

             (d)  where spacers are comprised of layers of material, the layers shall be unitized or fastened together in a manner which ensures that the spacer performs as a single piece of material.

Layers of bundles

      50. Bundles carried in 2 or more layers shall secured by tiedowns laid out over each layer of bundles, in accordance with section 25 with a minimum of 2 tiedowns over each top bundle longer than 1.52 metres, in all other circumstances.

Application to metal coils

      51. Sections 52 to 57 apply to a flatbed vehicle or a sided vehicle or intermodal container that is transporting one or more metal coils that individually or grouped together have a total weight of 2268 kilograms or more.

Coils transported with eyes vertical

      52. (1) This section applies to coils transported with the eyes vertical by a vehicle or an intermodal container with anchor points.

             (2)  Where a vehicle is transporting a single coil or several coils which are not grouped in a row, each coil shall be secured by tiedowns arranged in a manner that prevents the coil from tipping forward, rearward, or sideways.

             (3)  The securement system for the coils shall include

             (a)  at least one tiedown attached diagonally from the left side of the vehicle near the forward-most part of the coil, across the eye of the coil, to the right side of the vehicle near the rearmost part of the coil;

             (b)  at least one tiedown attached diagonally from the right side of the vehicle near the forward-most part of the coil, across the eye of the coil, to the left side of the vehicle near the rearmost part of the coil;

             (c)  at least one tiedown attached across the eye of the coil;  and

             (d)  blocking and bracing, friction mats or tiedowns that prevent the coil from moving forward.

             (4)  Where a vehicle is transporting coils that are grouped and loaded side by side in a transverse or lengthwise row, each row shall be secured by

             (a)  at least one tiedown against the front of the row, restraining against forward movement, and where practical, making an angle of not more than 45 degrees with the deck when viewed from the side

             (b)  at least one tiedown against the rear of the row, restraining against rearward movement, and where practical, making an angle of not more than 45 degrees with the deck when viewed from the side;

             (c)  at least one tiedown over the top of each coil or each transverse row of coils, restraining against vertical movement, and

             (d)  tiedowns shall be arranged to prevent shifting and tipping in the forward, rearward and lateral directions.

             (5)  Subject to subsections (2), (3) and (4) a tiedown going over the top of a coil shall be as close as practical to the eye of the coil.

Coils transported with eyes crosswise

      53. (1) This section applies to coils transported with the eyes crosswise by a vehicle or an intermodal container with anchor points.

             (2)  Each coil shall be immobilized with timbers, chocks or wedges, a cradle or other device that

             (a)  prevents the coil from rolling,

             (b)  supports the coil off the deck, and

             (c)  is not capable of becoming unfastened or loose while the vehicle is on a highway.

             (3)  Where timbers, chocks or wedges are used to secure a coil, they shall be held in place by coil bunks or similar devices to prevent the blocking device from coming loose.

             (4)  Each coil shall be secured with

             (a)  at least one tiedown through its eye, restricting against forward movement, and where practical making an angle of not more than 45 degrees with the deck when viewed from the side; and

             (b)  at least one tiedown through its eye, restricting against rearward movement, and where practical, making an angle of not more than 45 degrees with the deck when viewed from the side.

Coils transported with eyes lengthwise

      54. (1) This section applies to an individual metal coil transported with the eye lengthwise by a vehicle or an intermodal container with anchor points.

             (2)  Each coil shall be immobilized by timbers, chocks or wedges, a cradle or another method that

             (a)  prevents the coil from rolling; and

             (b)  supports the coil off the deck; and

             (c)  is not capable of becoming unfastened or loose while the vehicle is on a highway.

             (3)  Where timbers, chocks or wedges are used to secure a coil, they shall be held in place by coil bunks or similar devices to prevent the blocking device from coming loose.

             (4)  In addition to the requirements under subsections (2) and (3), each coil shall be secured with

             (a)  at least

                      (i)  one tiedown attached diagonally through its eye from the left side of the vehicle near the forward-most part of the coil, to the right side of the vehicle near the rearmost part of the coil, making an angle of not more than 45 degrees, where practical, with the deck when viewed from the side, and

                     (ii)  one tiedown attached diagonally through its eye, from the right side of the vehicle near the forward-most part of the coil, to the left side of the vehicle near the rearmost part of the coil, making an angle of not more than 45 degrees, where practical, with the deck when viewed from the side, and

                    (iii)  one tiedown attached across the top of the coil, and

                    (iv)  blocking or friction mats to prevent a coil from moving lengthwise; or

             (b)  at least

                      (i)  one tiedown attached straight through its eye from the left side of the vehicle near the forward-most part of the coil, to the left side of the vehicle near the rearmost part of the coil and, where practical, making an angle of not more than 45 degrees with the deck when viewed from the side, and

                     (ii)  one tiedown attached straight through its eye from the right side of the vehicle near the forward-most part of the coil, to the right side of the vehicle near the rearmost part of the coil and, where practical, making an angle of not more than 45 degrees with the deck when viewed from the side, and

                    (iii)  one tiedown attached across the top of the coil, and

                    (iv)  blocking or friction mats to prevent the coil from moving lengthwise; or

             (c)  at least

                      (i)  one tiedown over the top of the coil, located near the forward-most part of the coil, and

                     (ii)  one tiedown over the top of the coil located near the rearmost part of the coil, and

                    (iii)  blocking or friction mats to prevent the coil from moving lengthwise.

Rows of coils

      55. (1) This section applies to the transportation of rows of metal coils with approximately equal outside diameters.

             (2)  A transverse row of coils shall be immobilized by timbers, chocks or wedges, a cradle or another method that

             (a)  prevents the coils from rolling,

             (b)  supports the coils off the deck; and

             (c)  is not capable of becoming unfastened or loose while the vehicle is on a highway.

             (3)  Where timbers, chocks or wedges are used to secure a row of coils, they shall be held in place by coil bunks or similar devices to prevent the blocking device from coming loose.

             (4)  A transverse row of coils shall be secured by

             (a)  at least one tiedown over the top of each coil, located near the forward-most part of the coil;

             (b)  at least one tiedown over the top of each coil, located near the rearmost part of the coil; and

             (c)  blocking or friction mats to prevent each coil from moving lengthwise.

Prohibition

      56. (1) The use of nailed wood blocking or cleats as the sole means to secure timbers, chocks or wedges, or a nailed wood cradle is prohibited when metal coils are transported with eyes lengthwise or eyes crosswise by a vehicle or an intermodal container with anchor points.

             (2)  When coils are transported with eyes crosswise, attaching tiedowns diagonally through the eye of a coil to form an X pattern when viewed from above the vehicle is prohibited.

No anchor points

      57. Metal coils in a sided vehicle or an intermodal container without anchor points shall be secured in a manner to prevent shifting and tipping using a system of blocking and bracing, friction mats, tiedowns, or a combination of these.

Application to paper rolls

      58. (1) Sections 59 to 71 apply to the transportation of paper rolls which individually or together weigh 2268 kilograms or more.

             (2)  Paper rolls may be secured in accordance with sections 59 to 71 where

             (a)  the total weight is less than 2 268 kilograms; and

             (b)  a single or several paper rolls are unitized on a pallet.

Friction mats

      59. A friction mat used to provide the principal securement for a paper roll shall protrude from beneath the roll in the direction in which it is providing that securement.

Chocks, wedges and blocking

      60. Chocks, wedges or blocking used to secure paper rolls shall not shift or become unfastened while the vehicle is on a highway.

Banding

      61. Where paper rolls are banded together, the

             (a)  rolls shall be placed tightly against each other to form a stable group;

             (b)  banding shall be applied tightly and remain so; and

             (c)  banding shall be secured so that it cannot fall off the rolls or to the deck.

Single layer of paper roll, eyes vertical in sided vehicle

      62. (1) This section applies to paper rolls that are transported with the eyes vertical in a single layer in a sided vehicle.

             (2)  Paper rolls shall be placed tightly against the front and both side walls of the vehicle, other paper rolls or other cargo.

             (3)  Where there are not enough paper rolls in a group of paper rolls to reach the walls of the vehicle, void fillers, blocking, bracing, tiedowns or friction mats shall be used to prevent the rolls moving sideways.

             (4)  Paper rolls may be banded together.

             (5)  Where a space behind a group of paper rolls, including that at the rear of the vehicle, exceeds the diameter of the paper rolls, the rolls shall be prevented from moving rearward by blocking, bracing, tiedowns or friction mats or by banding the last roll to other rolls.

             (6)  A paper roll shall be prevented from tipping or falling sideways or rearwards by banding it to other rolls or by using bracing or tiedowns where

             (a)  the vehicle’s structure or other cargo does not prevent the roll from tipping or falling sideways or rearwards, and

             (b)  the width of the roll is more than 2 times its diameter.

             (7)  A single paper roll or the forward most roll in a group of paper rolls shall be prevented from tipping or falling forward by banding it to other rolls or by using bracing or tiedowns where

             (a)  the vehicle’s structure or other cargo does not prevent the roll from tipping or falling forward;

             (b)  the roll is restrained against moving forward only by friction mats; and

             (c)  the width of the roll is more than 1.75 times its diameter.

             (8)  A single paper roll or the forward most roll in a group of rolls shall be prevented from tipping or falling forward by banding it to other rolls or by using bracing or tiedowns where the

             (a)  vehicle’s structure or other cargo does not prevent the roll from tipping or falling forward; and

             (b)  width of the roll is more than 1.25 times its diameter.

Split cargo with eyes vertical

      63. (1) This section applies to split cargo of paper rolls transported with the eyes vertical in a sided vehicle.

             (2)  Where a paper roll in a split cargo of paper rolls transported with the eyes vertical in a sided vehicle is not prevented from moving forward by the vehicle’s structure or other cargo, it shall be prevented from moving forward by

             (a)  filling the open space;

             (b)  using blocking, bracing, tiedowns, friction mats; or

             (c)  using a combination of the methods in paragraphs (a) and (b).

Stacked paper rolls with eyes vertical

      64. (1) This section applies to a stacked cargo of paper rolls transported with the eyes vertical in a sided vehicle.

             (2)  Section 62 applies to the bottom layer in a stacked cargo of paper rolls with eyes vertical in a sided vehicle.

             (3)  Paper rolls shall not be loaded on top of another layer unless the layer beneath extends to the front of the vehicle.

             (4)  Paper rolls in the second and subsequent layers shall be prevented from moving forward, rearward or sideways

             (a)  in accordance with section 62; or

             (b)  by using a blocking roll from a lower layer.

             (5)  A blocking roll used to prevent forward, rearward or sideways movement shall be

             (a)  at least 38 millimetres taller than other rolls; or

             (b)  raised at least 38 millimetres using dunnage or another method.

             (6)  Notwithstanding subsection (5), a roll at the rear end of a layer of rolls shall not be raised using dunnage.

Single layer, eyes crosswise

      65. (1) This section applies to a single layer of paper rolls transported with the eyes crosswise in a sided vehicle.

             (2)  The paper rolls shall be prevented from rolling or moving lengthwise by

             (a)  contact with the vehicle’s structure or other cargo; or

             (b)  chocks, wedges, blocking, bracing or tiedowns.

             (3)  Void fillers, blocking, bracing, friction mats or tiedowns shall be used to prevent a paper roll from moving sideways towards the side walls of the vehicle where the total space between the ends of the paper roll, or the outer rolls in a row of paper rolls, and the walls of the vehicle is more than 203 millimetres.

Rear doors

      66. A vehicle transporting paper rolls with the eyes crosswise shall not use the rear doors of the vehicle to

             (a)  secure the rearmost paper roll or layer of paper rolls; or

             (b)  hold blocking that secures the rearmost paper roll or layer of paper rolls.

Stacked cargo , eyes crosswise in sided vehicle

      67. (1) This section applies to stacked cargo of paper rolls transported in a sided vehicle with the eyes crosswise.

             (2)  Section 65 applies to the bottom layer in a stacked cargo of paper rolls.

             (3)  Paper rolls shall not be loaded in a second layer unless the bottom layer extends to the front of the vehicle.

             (4)  Paper rolls shall not be loaded in a 3rd or higher layer unless all the cylinder wells in the layer beneath are filled.

             (5)  The foremost paper roll in each upper layer and a roll with an empty cylinder well in front of it shall be secured against moving forward by

             (a)  banding it to other paper rolls, or

             (b)  blocking against a secured eye-vertical blocking roll resting on the deck that is at least 1.5 times taller than the diameter of the roll being blocked; or

             (c)  placing it in a cylinder well formed by 2 paper rolls on the lower layer with a diameter equal to or greater than that of the paper roll on the upper layer.

             (6)  The rearmost paper roll in each upper layer shall be secured by banding it to other paper rolls where it is located in either of the last 2 cylinder wells formed by the rearmost paper rolls in the layer below.

             (7)  Void fillers, blocking, bracing, friction mats or tiedowns shall be used to prevent a paper roll from moving sideways towards the side walls of the vehicle where the total space between the ends of the paper roll, or the outer rolls in a row of paper rolls, and the walls of the vehicle is more than 203 millimetres.

Single layer transported eyes lengthwise

      68. (1) This section applies to paper rolls transported in a sided vehicle in a single layer with the eyes lengthwise.

             (2)  A paper roll shall be prevented from moving forward by contact with the vehicle’s structure or other cargo or by blocking or tiedowns.

             (3)  A paper roll shall be prevented from moving rearward by contact with other cargo or by blocking, friction mats or tiedowns.

             (4)  A paper roll shall be prevented from rolling or moving sideways by contact with the vehicle’s wall or other cargo or by chocks, wedges or other blocking mechanism.

Stacked rolls transported eyes lengthwise

      69. (1) This section applies to stacked cargo of paper rolls transported with the eyes lengthwise in a sided vehicle.

             (2)  Section 68 applies to the bottom layer in a stacked cargo of paper rolls.

             (3)  Paper rolls shall not be loaded in a higher layer unless all the cylinder wells in the layer beneath are filled.

             (4)  An upper layer of paper rolls shall be formed by placing the paper rolls in the cylinder wells formed by the rolls beneath.

             (5)  Paper rolls in the second and higher layers shall be prevented from moving forward or rearward

             (a)  in accordance with section 68;

             (b)  by using a blocking roll from a lower layer;  or

             (c)  by banding them to other rolls.

Cargo on flatbed or curtain sided vehicle with eyes lengthwise

      70. (1) This section applies to cargo of paper rolls transported with the eyes vertical or with eyes lengthwise on a flatbed vehicle or in a curtain sided vehicle.

             (2)  The paper rolls shall be loaded and secured as described for a sided vehicle, and the entire load shall be secured by tiedowns in accordance with the section 25.

             (3)  Stacked loads of paper rolls with eyes vertical are prohibited.

Cargo on flatbed or curtain sided vehicle with eyes crosswise

      71. (1) This section applies to cargo of paper rolls transported with the eyes crosswise on a flatbed vehicle or in a curtain sided vehicle.

             (2)  The paper rolls shall be prevented from rolling or shifting longitudinally by contact with vehicle structure or other cargo, by chocks, by wedges, by blocking and bracing of adequate size, or by tiedowns.

             (3)  When used, chocks, wedges or blocking must be held securely in place by some means in addition to friction so that they cannot become unfastened or loose while the vehicle is on a highway.

             (4)  In order to prevent lateral movement, tiedowns shall be used in accordance with the provisions of section 25.

Application to concrete pipes

      72. (1) Sections 72 to 82 apply to the transportation of concrete pipes loaded transversely on a flatbed vehicle.

             (2)  Sections 72 to 82 do not apply to

             (a)  unitized concrete pipes that have no tendency to roll; or

             (b)  concrete pipe loaded in a sided vehicle.

             (3)  Section 25 does not apply to the transportation of concrete pipes to which sections 72 to 82 apply.

Definition

      73. In sections 72 to 82, "pipe" means a concrete pipe.

Tiedowns

      74. A transverse tiedown running through a pipe in an upper layer or over lengthwise tiedowns is considered to secure all the concrete pipe in a lower layer on which that tiedown causes pressure.

Blocking

      75. (1) The blocking used to secure a pipe shall comply with this section.

             (2)  Blocking shall be placed symmetrically about the centre of the pipe.

             (3)  Where one piece of blocking is used it shall extend to at least ½ the distance from the centre to each end of the pipe.

             (4)  Where 2 pieces of blocking are used they shall be placed near each end of the pipe.

             (5)  Blocking shall be placed firmly against a pipe and shall be secured to prevent it moving out from under the pipe.

             (6)  Timber blocking shall have a minimum dimension of at least 8.9 centimetres by 14 centimetres.

Multi sized pipe

      76. Where the pipes to be transported on a vehicle have different diameters,

             (a)  pipes with the same diameter shall be grouped together, and

             (b)  each group shall be secured separately.

Arranging layers

      77. (1) This section applies to pipe arranged in layers on a vehicle.

             (2)  The bottom layer of pipes shall be arranged to cover the full length of the vehicle or, as a partial layer with one or 2 groups.

             (3)  Pipe in an upper layer shall be placed only in the cylinder wells formed by adjacent pipes in the layer beneath.

             (4)  A third or higher layer of pipe shall not be formed unless all the cylinder wells in the layer beneath are filled with pipe.

             (5)  The top layer shall be arranged as a complete layer or, as a partial layer in one or 2 groups.

Bell pipe

      78. (1) Bell pipe shall be loaded on at least 2 lengthwise spacers of sufficient height so that the bell is clear of the deck.

             (2)  Bell pipes loaded in a single layer shall have the bells alternating on opposite sides of the vehicle.

             (3)  The ends of consecutive bell pipes shall be

             (a)  staggered, where possible, within the allowable width, or

             (b)  aligned.

             (4)  Stacked bell pipes shall have all the bells of the bottom layer on the same side of the vehicle.

             (5)  Stacked bell pipes shall be loaded with bells on the opposite side of the vehicle to the bells of the pipe in the layer beneath.

             (6)  Where the second layer of stacked bell pipes is not complete, the bells of the pipes in the bottom layer that do not support a pipe above shall alternate on opposite sides of the vehicle.

Single or bottom layer small pipe

      79. (1) This section applies to small pipes arranged in a single layer or in the bottom layer of stacked pipes.

             (2)  The front and the rear pipes of each group of pipes arranged in a single layer or in bottom layer shall be immobilized lengthwise at each end by blocking, vehicle end structure, stakes, a locked pipe unloader or other equivalent means.

             (3)  Pipe that is not at the end of a group of pipes arranged in a single layer or in a bottom layer may be held in place by blocks, wedges or both.

             (4)  A pipe in a single layer or in the bottom layer shall be held firmly in contact with the adjacent pipe by tiedowns running through the front and rear pipes of a group of pipes:

             (a)  one or more tiedowns running through the front pipe of each group of pipes arranged in a single layer or in a bottom layer shall run rearward at an angle, where practical, of not more than 45 degrees with the horizontal, and

             (b)  one or more tiedowns running through the rear pipe of each group of pipes arranged in a single layer or in a bottom layer shall run forward at an angle, where practical, of not more than 45 degrees with the horizontal.

Tiedowns for securing layers

      80. (1) This section applies to all cargoes of small pipes.

             (2)  A pipe may be secured with a tiedown running through it.

             (3)  Where each pipe is not secured individually with a tiedown

             (a)  one 1.27 centimetre diameter chain or wire rope or 2 0.95 centimetre diameter chains or wire ropes shall be placed lengthwise over the group of pipes, and

             (b)  one transverse tiedown shall be used for every 3.04 metres of cargo length.

             (4)  The transverse tiedowns referred to in subsection (3) shall be placed

             (a)  through a pipe on the top layer, or

             (b)  over the lengthwise tiedown between 2 pipes on the top layer.

Top layer, small pipes

      81. (1) This section applies to small pipes in the top layer of stacked pipes.

             (2)  Where the first pipe of a group in the top layer is not placed in the first cylinder well formed by the pipes at the front of the layer beneath, it shall be secured by an additional tiedown that

             (a)  runs rearward at an angle, where practical, of not more than 45 degrees to the horizontal, and

             (b)  passes through the front pipe of the upper layer or outside before the front pipe of the upper layer and over the lengthwise tiedown.

             (3)  Where the last pipe of a group in the top layer is not placed in the last cylinder well formed by the pipes at the rear of the layer beneath, it shall be secured by an additional tiedown that

             (a)  runs forward at an angle, where practical, of not more than 45 degrees to the horizontal, and

             (b)  passes through the rear pipe of the upper layer or outside after the rear pipe of the upper layer and over the lengthwise tiedown.

Large pipes

      82. (1) This section applies to the transportation of large pipe.

             (2)  The front pipe and the rear pipe in a group of pipes transported on a vehicle shall be immobilized by blocking, wedges, vehicle end structure, stakes, locked pipe unloader or other equivalent means.

             (3)  Each pipe in the front half of the group of pipes, including the middle one where there is an odd number, shall have at least one tiedown that passes through the pipe

             (a)  running rearward at an angle, where practical, of not more than 45 degrees with the horizontal; and

             (b)  holding the pipe firmly in contact with an adjacent pipe.

             (4)  Each pipe in the rear half of the group of pipes, shall have at least one tiedown that passes through the pipe

             (a)  running forward at an angle, where practical, of not more than 45 degrees with the horizontal; and

             (b)  holding the pipe firmly in contact with an adjacent pipe.

             (5)  Where the front pipe in a group of pipes is not in contact with the vehicle’s end structure, stakes or other equivalent means, it shall be secured by at least 2 tiedowns positioned in accordance with subsection (3).

             (6)  Where the rear pipe in a group of pipes is not in contact with the vehicle’s end structure, stakes, a locked pipe unloader, or other equivalent means, it shall be secured by at least 2 tiedowns positioned in accordance with subsection (4).

             (7)  Where the vehicle is transporting a single pipe, or several pipes that do not touch each other, a pipe shall be secured under this section as where it were the front or rear pipe in a group of pipes.

Application to intermodal containers

      83. Sections 84 to 86 apply to the transportation of internodal containers.

Internodal container  on container chassis vehicle

      84. (1) This section applies to the transportation of an intermodal container on a container chassis vehicle.

             (2)  Notwithstanding section 25, an intermodal container shall be secured to the container chassis with integral locking devices

             (3)  The integral locking devices used shall restrain each lower corner of the intermodal container from moving more than

             (a)  1.27 centimetres forward;

             (b)  1.27 centimetres rearward;

             (c)  1.27 centimetres to the right;

             (d)  1.27 centimetres to the left; and

             (e)  2.54 centimetres vertically.

             (4)  The front and the rear of the intermodal container shall be independently secured.

Loaded intermodal container on other vehicles

      85. (1) This section applies to the transportation of a loaded intermodal container on a vehicle that is not a container chassis vehicle.

             (2)  All the lower corners of a loaded intermodal container shall

             (a)  rest on the vehicle; or

             (b)  be supported by a structure

                      (i)  capable of bearing the weight of the container, and

                     (ii)  independently secured to the vehicle.

             (3)  Notwithstanding section 25 an intermodal container shall be secured to the vehicle by either or both

             (a)  chains, wire ropes or integral locking devices that are fixed to all the lower corners; or

             (b)  crossed chains that are fixed to all the upper corners.

             (4)  The front and the rear of the intermodal container shall be independently secured.

Empty intermodal container on other vehicles

      86. (1) This section applies to the transportation of an empty intermodal container by a vehicle other than a container chassis vehicle.

             (2)  All the lower corners of an empty intermodal container shall

             (a)  rest on the vehicle; or

             (b)  be supported by a structure

                      (i)  capable of bearing the weight of the container, and

                     (ii)  independently secured to the vehicle.

             (3)  An empty intermodal container is not required to comply with subsection (2) where

             (a)  the container is balanced, positioned and stable on the vehicle before tiedowns or other securing devices are attached; and

             (b)  the container does not overhang either the front or rear of the vehicle by more than 1.5 metres.

             (4)  An empty intermodal container shall not interfere with the vehicle’s manoeuvrability.

             (5)  An empty intermodal container shall be secured against moving sideways, lengthwise or vertically in accordance with

             (a)  subsections 85(3) and (4) of these regulations, or

             (b)  section 25 of these regulations.

Application to vehicles as cargo

      87. Sections 88 to 93 apply to the transportation of light vehicles, heavy vehicles and flattened or crushed light vehicles.

Light vehicles

      88. (1) Light vehicles shall be secured in accordance with this section.

             (2)  Notwithstanding section 25, a light vehicle shall be restrained at both the front and rear from moving sideways, forward, rearward and vertically using a minimum of 2 tiedowns.

             (3)  Tiedowns that are designed to attach to the structure of a light vehicle shall be attached to the mounting points on the vehicle that are specifically designed for that purpose.

             (4)  Tiedowns that are designed to fit over or around the wheels of a light vehicle shall restrain the vehicle from moving sideways, forward, rearward and vertically.

             (5)  Notwithstanding section 23, edge protectors are not required for synthetic webbing at points where the webbing comes into contact with the tires of the light vehicle.

Heavy vehicles

      89. (1) Heavy vehicles shall be transported in accordance with this section.

             (2)  Accessory equipment on a heavy vehicle, including a hydraulic shovel, shall be completely lowered and secured to the vehicle.

             (3)  Articulated vehicles shall be restrained in a manner that prevents articulation while the vehicle is on a highway.

             (4)  Notwithstanding section 25, a heavy vehicle with crawler tracks or wheels shall be restrained against moving sideways, forward, rearward and vertically by at least 4 tiedowns,

             (a)  each with a working load limit of at least 2 268 kilograms, and

             (b)  each attached, as close as practical, at the front and rear of the vehicle or to mounting points on the vehicle that are specifically designed for that purpose.

Flattened or crushed light vehicles

      90. Flattened or crushed light vehicles shall be secured in accordance with the sections 91, 92 and 93. 

Prohibition

      91. Synthetic webbing shall not be used to secure flattened or crushed light vehicles.

Securement for immobilized stacks of flattened vehicles

      92. (1) Flattened or crushed light vehicles shall be transported with vehicles which

             (a)  have containment walls or comparable structures on 4 sides that

                      (i)  extend to the full height of the cargo, and

                     (ii)  prevent the cargo moving forward, rearward and sideways, or

             (b)  have containment walls or comparable structures on 3 sides that

                      (i)  extend to the full height of the cargo, and

                     (ii)  prevent the cargo moving forward, rearward and to one side, and

                    (iii)  have 2 or more tiedowns per stack of flattened or crushed vehicles, or

             (c)  have containment walls or comparable structures on the front and rear that

                      (i)  extend to the full height of the cargo, and

                     (ii)  prevent the cargo moving forward and rearward, and

                    (iii)  have 3 or more tiedowns per stack of flattened or crushed vehicles, or

             (d)  have 4 or more tiedowns per stack of flattened or crushed vehicles.

             (2)  Notwithstanding sections 22 to 25 each tiedown referred to in subsection 1 shall have a working load limit of 2,268 kilograms or more.

Containment of loose parts

      93. (1) A vehicle transporting flattened or crushed light vehicles shall have equipment that

             (a)  extends the full height of the cargo, and

             (b)  prevents any loose part of the load from falling from the vehicle.

             (2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), the equipment used to contain loose parts shall be structural walls, floors, sides or sideboards or suitable covering material, alone or in combination.

Application to roll on, roll off and hook lift containers

      94. Sections 95 and 96 apply to the transportation of roll-on/roll-off containers and hook lift containers.

Replacement of securing devices

      95. (1) Where a front stop or lifting device of a securement system on a vehicle that is not equipped with an integral securement system is missing, damaged or not compatible with the securing devices on a container, additional manually installed tiedowns shall be used to secure the container to the vehicle.

             (2)  Where a front stop or lifting device of an integral securement system on a vehicle is missing, damaged or not compatible with the securing devices on a container, the container shall be secured to the vehicle using manually installed tiedowns.

             (3)  A manually installed tiedown shall provide the same level of securement as the missing, damaged or incompatible component it replaces.

No integral securement system

      96. (1) A roll-on/roll-off container or hook lift container transported by a vehicle that is not equipped with an integral securement system

             (a)  shall be blocked against forward movement

                      (i)  by the lifting device, stops or a combination of both, or

                     (ii)  by another restraint mechanism;

             (b)  shall be secured to the front of the vehicle

                      (i)  by the lifting device, or

                     (ii)  by another securing device which restrains against sideways and vertical movement; and

             (c)  shall be secured to the rear of the vehicle in accordance with at least one of the following

                      (i)  one tiedown attached to both the vehicle chassis and the container,

                     (ii)  2 tiedowns installed lengthwise, each securing one side of the container to one of the vehicle's side rails, or

                    (iii)  2 hooks, or equivalent mechanisms, securing both sides of the container to the vehicle chassis at least as effectively as the tiedowns referred to in subparagraphs (i) and (ii).

             (2)  A device used to secure a roll-on/roll off or hook lift container to the rear of a vehicle that is not equipped with an integral securement system

             (a)  shall be installed not more than 2 metres from the rear of the container; and

             (b)  notwithstanding sections 22 to 25, all tiedowns shall have a working load limit of at least 2268 kilograms.

             (3)  Subsections 13(2) and (3) do not apply to sections 94 to 96.

Application to boulders

      97. (1) Sections 98 to 100 apply to the transportation of boulders

             (a)  on a flat bed vehicle; and

             (b)  in a vehicle whose sides are not designed and rated to contain such a cargo.

             (2)  A piece of natural, irregularly shaped rock that weighs more than 100 kilograms but less than 5000 kilograms may be secured in accordance with sections 98 to 100.

             (3)  A piece of natural, irregularly shaped rock of any size may be contained within a vehicle that is designed to carry such a cargo.

             (4)  A piece of rock of any size that is artificially formed or cut into shape and has a stable base for securement may be secured in accordance with sections 98 to 100.

Positioning on vehicle

      98. (1) A boulder shall be placed with its flattest or its largest side down on the deck.

             (2)  A boulder shall be supported on at least 2 pieces of hardwood blocking

             (a)  with side dimensions of not less than 8.9 centimetres by 8.9 centimetres;

             (b)  that extend the full width of the boulder;

             (c)  that are placed as symmetrically as possible under the boulder; and

             (d)  that support at least 3/4 of the length of the boulder.

             (3)  Where the flattest side of a boulder is rounded or partially rounded and the boulder may roll,

             (a)  the boulder shall be in a crib made of hardwood fixed to the deck;

             (b)  the boulder shall rest on both the deck and the crib; and

             (c)  the boulder shall have at least 3 well-separated points of contact with the crib and deck to prevent the boulder from rolling in any direction.

             (4)  Where a boulder is tapered, the narrowest end shall point towards the front of the vehicle.

Tiedowns

      99. (1) A tiedown used to secure a boulder shall be made of chain.

             (2)  A tiedown that touches a boulder shall

             (a)  where possible, be located in valleys or notches across the top of the boulder; and

             (b)  be arranged so that it does not slide across the rock surface.

Number of tiedowns

   100. (1) Notwithstanding section 25, a cubic shaped boulder shall be secured with 2 or more tiedowns placed

             (a)  transversely across the vehicle; and

             (b)  as close as possible to the hardwood blocking.

             (2)  Notwithstanding section 25, each non-cubic shaped boulder with a stable base shall be secured with 2 or more tiedowns

             (a)  forming an "X" pattern over the boulder;

             (b)  passing over the centre of the boulder; and

             (c)  attached to each other, where they intersect, by a shackle or other connecting device.

             (3)  Notwithstanding subsections 13(2) and (3) and section 25, each non-cubic shaped boulder with unstable base shall be secured with

             (a)  one tiedown surrounding the top of the boulder

                      (i)  located at a point between 1/2 and 2/3 of the height of the boulder, and

                     (ii)  having a working load limit of at least 1/2 of the weight of the boulder, and

             (b)  4 tiedowns, each

                      (i)  attached to the surrounding tiedown and to the vehicle that prevent the boulder moving horizontally, and

                     (ii)  having a working load limit of at least 1/4 the weight of the boulder, and

                    (iii)  shall be placed at an angle, where practical, of not more than 45 degrees from the horizontal.

PART III
INSPECTION, OFFENCE, PENALTIES

Detention of vehicle or cargo

   101. (1) A peace officer, inspector or other person authorized by the minister may remove to and detain at an appropriate place, a

             (a)  vehicle;

             (b)  portion of a vehicle; and

             (c)  cargo carried by a vehicle

where that peace officer, inspector or authorized person reasonably believes that these regulations have not been complied with.

             (2)  Where property is detained under subsection (1), the owner or driver of the combination vehicle shall be notified of the location of the property.

             (3)  Section 203 of the Act shall apply to a detention of a vehicle under this regulation with the necessary changes.

Offence

   102. (1) A person who contravenes a provision of these regulations is guilty of an offence and on summary conviction is liable to

             (a)  a fine of not less than $120 and not more than $600; and

             (b)  in default of payment of a fine, to imprisonment for a period not exceeding 30 days.

             (2)  A person is considered to contravene these regulations where that person owns or operates a vehicle that is equipped, being operated or used in a manner which does not comply with these regulations.

Repeal

   103. The Load Security Regulations, Consolidated Newfoundland and Labrador Regulations 1008/96, are repealed.

Commencement

   104. These regulations shall come into force on January 1, 2005.


Schedule A

Default Working Limits

 

Chain

Size

Working Load Limit (WLL)

7 mm

590 kg

8

860

10

1200

11

1590

13

2040

16

3130

 

 

 

 

 

Synthetic webbing

Width

WLL

45mm

790kg

50

910

75

1360

100

1810

 

Wire Rope (6 x 37, fibre core)

Diameter

WLL

7 mm

640 kg

8

950

10

1360

11

1860

13

2400

16

3770

20

4940

22

7300

25

9480

 

Manila rope

Diameter

WLL

10mm

90 kg

11

120

13

150

16

210

20

290

25

480

 

 

 

Synthetic Fibre Rope

Diameter

WLL

10mm

185 kg

11

240

13

285

16

420

20

580

25

950

 

Steel Strapping

Width-Thickness inch

WLL

1-1/4 x 0.029

540 kg

1-1/4 x 0.031

540

1-1/4 x 0.035

540

1-1/4 x 0.044

770

1-1/4 x 0.050

770

1-1/4 x 0.057

870

2 x 0.044

1200

2 x 0.050

1200


Schedule B

Manufacturing Standards

Vehicle Structure

Truck Trailer Manufacturers Association-RP 47

Anchor Points

Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (CMVSS905)

Truck Trailer Manufacturers Association-RP47

Platform Bodies (Flatdecks)

Truck Trailer Manufacturers Association-RP 47

Van, Sided and Dump Bodies

Truck Trailer Manufacturers Association-RP 47

Web and Sling Tiedown Association:

Recommended Standard Specification for Interior Van Securement WSTDA-T5

Tiedowns

Web and Sling Tiedown Association

Recommended Standard Specification for Synthetic Webbing Tiedowns WSTDA-T1

Recommended Standard Specification for Winches Used with Synthetic Web Tiedowns WSTDA-T3

Recommended Standard Specifications for Interior Van Securement WSTDA -T5

Webbing Assemblies

Web Sling and Tiedown Association

Recommended Standard Specification for Synthetic Webbing Tiedowns WSTDA-T1

Recommended Operating Care and Inspection Manual for Synthetic Web Tiedowns WSTDA-T2

Recommended Standard Specification for Synthetic Webbing used for Tiedowns WSTDA-T4

Chain Assemblies

National Association of Chain Manufacturers

Welded Steel Chain Specifications

Welded Steel Chain - Working Load Limits

 

Size mm(in)

Grade 3 Proof Coil

Grade 43

High Test

Grade 70 Transport

 

Grade 80 Alloy

Grade 100 Alloy

7 mm

 

590 kg

 

1180 kg

 

1430 kg

 

1570 kg

 

1950 kg

 

8 mm

 

860 kg

 

1770 kg

 

2130 kg

 

2000 kg

 

2600 kg

 

10 mm

 

1200 kg

 

2450 kg

 

2990 kg

 

3200 kg

 

4000 kg

 

11 mm

 

1590 kg

 

3270 kg

 

3970 kg

 

-

-

13 mm

 

2040 kg

 

4170 kg

 

5130 kg

 

5400 kg

 

6800 kg

 

16 mm

 

3130 kg

 

5910 kg

 

7170 kg

 

8200 kg

 

10300 kg

 

Chain marks

3

30

300

4

43

430

7

70

700

8

80

800

10

100

1000

Wire Rope and Attachments

Wire Rope Technical Board

Wire Rope Users Manual

Synthetic Rope and Attachments

Cordage Institute

CI-1301-96 Polyester Fibre Rope, 3 and 8 Strand Constructions

CI-1302A-96 Polyester/Polyolefin Dual Fibre Rope, 3 Strand Construction

CI-1302B-99 Polyester/Polyolefin Dual Fibre Rope, 8 Strand Construction

CI-1304-96 Polyester Fibre Rope, 3 and 8 Strand Constructions

CI-1305-96 Single Braided Polyester Fibre Rope, 12 Strand Construction

CI-1307-96 Polyester Fibre Rope, Double Braid Construction

CI-1307-96 Polyester Fibre Rope, High Performance Double Braid Construction

CI-1303-96Nylon (Polyamide) Fibre Rope, 3 and 8 Strand Construction

CI-1307-96 Nylon (Polyamide) Fibre Rope, Double Strand Construction

CI-1307-96 Nylon (Polyamide) Fibre Rope, High Performance, Double Braid Construction

Steel Strapping

American Society for Testing and Materials

Standard Specifications for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals (ASTM D3953-91)

Clamps and Latches

International Standards Organization-668

Roll-on/Roll-off Containers

American National Standards Institute

Mobile Wastes and Recyclable materials Collection, Transportation and Compaction Equipment-Safety Requirements (ASC Z245.1-1999)

Waste Containers-Safety Requirements (ASC Z245.30-1999)

Waste Containers-Compatibility Requirements (ASC Z245.60-1999)