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Consolidated Newfoundland Regulation 1996
Under the authority of section 4 of the Livestock Health Act and the Subordinate Legislation Revision and Consolidation Act, the Lieutenant‑Governor in Council makes the following regulations.
1. Short title
3. Director of Animal Health power of inspector
4. Entry onto premises, vehicles, inspections, etc.
5. Detention of livestock
6. Seizure to treat or inoculate livestock
8. Seizure of infected livestock
9. Reporting of disease
10. Detention on entry
11. Return to origin
12. Maintenance of sanitary conditions
13. Prohibition re disease and diseased livestock
14. Prohibition re buried carcasses
15. Bringing livestock into the province
17. Director may deny entry
18. Prohibition re interference and removal
22. Ministerial order re swine health standards
1. These regulations may be cited as the Livestock Health Regulations.
2. In these regulations
(a) "accredited veterinarian" means a
veterinarian authorized to perform tests and inspections under the Health of Animals Act (
(b) "Act" means the Livestock Health Act;
(c) "Animal Health Division" means the Animal Health Division of the Agrifoods Branch of the Department of Forest Resources and Agrifoods;
(d) "department" means the department presided over by the minister;
(e) "Director of Animal Health" means the veterinarian appointed as Director of Animal Health Division for the department;
(f) "equidae" includes all horse‑like animals such as horses, donkeys and zebras;
(g) "Health of Animals Branch" means the Health of Animals Branch of Agriculture and Agri‑Food Canada;
(h) "immediate slaughter" means a slaughter within 10 days after arrival at a stockyard, slaughter house, farm or other premises;
(i) "inspection" includes examination, test and investigation;
(j) "inspector" means a veterinary inspector or other inspector appointed under the Act;
(k) "licensed rendering plant" means an
establishment licensed under the Meat
Inspection Act (
(l) "licensed veterinarian" means a
registered veterinarian licensed to practise in the province, another
(m) "live‑poultry‑crate owner" means the person or his or her agent who last used the crate for the purpose of buying, selling, conveying or transporting live poultry;
(n) "official veterinarian" means a veterinarian employed by a provincial government;
(o) "person" includes a partnership, firm or association of persons;
(p) "poultry" includes chickens, turkeys, guinea fowl, ducks, geese, pigeons, other barnyard fowl and other domesticated or captive birds;
(q) "premises" includes yard, field, corral, farm and garden whether or not they are enclosed with fences or walls and an abattoir, shed, barn, cabin, shack or other building or erection;
(r) "vehicle" includes railway, car, truck, cart, wagon, automobile and carriage; and
(s) "vessel" includes ship, boat, raft, barge and scow.
280/78 s2; 245/86 s1
Director of Animal Health power of inspector
3. The Director of Animal Health has all the powers of an inspector under the Act and these regulations.
Entry onto premises, vehicles, inspection, etc.
4. (1) An inspector may enter upon premises, a vehicle, vessel or aircraft upon or in which he or she reasonably believes livestock may be found.
(2) An inspector may inspect livestock in the province for the purposes of determining whether or not that livestock has an infectious or contagious disease and to ascertain the nature of that infectious or contagious disease.
(3) An inspector may, for the purpose of identification, mark livestock inspected by him or her.
Detention of livestock
5. An inspector or an officer of the Royal Newfoundland Constabulary or the Royal Canadian Mounted Police may detain livestock or order the owner or a person having possession, custody or control of the livestock to detain the livestock in a place and for an amount of time which the inspector or officer considers necessary or desirable to allow for appropriate inspection of the livestock and to prescribe treatment where necessary to control disease or for another purpose under the Act and regulations.
Seizure to treat or inoculate livestock
6. An inspector may
(a) seize livestock or a class of livestock for the purpose of inoculation against disease;
(b) implement inoculations that may be considered necessary to prevent the spread of infectious or contagious disease; and
(c) treat livestock suffering from or suspected of suffering from that disease.
7. (1) A person shall not without the permission of an inspector remove livestock from premises where livestock is being detained by an inspector for the purpose of the Act or these regulations.
(2) A person shall not prevent, obstruct, hinder or impede the entry of an inspector upon a premises, vessel, vehicle or aircraft for the purpose of inspecting livestock or for another purpose of the Act or these regulations.
Seizure of infected livestock
8. Livestock having or suspected of having an infectious or contagious disease or having a debilitating or incapacitating disease which is sold, disposed of or turned loose, or exposed or offered for sale or brought or being brought into a market, exhibition, fair or other public place where other livestock is commonly exposed or offered for sale, may be seized by an inspector, or another person authorized by a justice of the peace.
Reporting of disease
9. (1) Where livestock entering or in the province has or appears to have an infectious or contagious disease, the person owning or having possession, custody or control of that livestock or a veterinarian registered under the Veterinary Medical Act who has examined that livestock shall, upon becoming aware of that infectious or contagious disease, immediately report that presence of disease to the Director of Animal Health or an inspector.
(2) The minister may order the destruction or disposal of livestock having or suspected of having an infectious or contagious disease and a material, substance or thing known or suspected of being infected or contaminated with that disease by a method the minister or an inspector considers appropriate.
(3) The minister may award compensation to owners of livestock ordered to be destroyed or disposed of under this section at a rate fixed by the Lieutenant‑Governor in Council.
Detention on entry
10. An inspector who has reasonable cause to believe that an infectious or contagious disease exists in livestock brought or being brought into the province may order the livestock to be detained at the port of entry or another place designated by the inspector at the cost or expense of the person owning or having possession, custody or control of the livestock.
Return to origin
11. The minister may order livestock found to have an infectious or contagious disease to be returned from the port of entry or another place where it is detained to the place of origin of the livestock or may order that livestock to be destroyed.
Maintenance of sanitary conditions
12. (1) Livestock and poultry shall be transported, detained, maintained and kept in a vessel, vehicle, aircraft, premises or yard in a safe, clean and sanitary manner which ensures the healthy condition of livestock and poultry and which prevents the
(a) infection of that livestock or poultry with disease; and
(b) spread of contagious diseases and infection to other livestock or poultry.
(2) The Director of Animal Health may determine the manner in which a vessel, vehicle, aircraft, premises or yard are to be cleaned or disinfected in order to prevent the spread of contagious diseases among livestock or poultry.
Prohibition re disease and diseased livestock
13. (1) A person shall not turn out, keep or graze in or upon a forest, wood, beach, marsh, common, wasteland, field, roadside or other undivided or open land livestock known to have an infectious or contagious disease, or to have been exposed to that disease.
(2) A person shall not bring or attempt to bring into a market, exhibition, fair, community sales yard or other public place where livestock is sold or auctioned, livestock known to have an infectious or contagious disease.
(3) A person shall not bring into the province micro or macroscopic organisms, including a virus, bacterium, fungus, Rickettsia, blood parasite, endo and ecto parasite, known to be pathogenic for animals and poultry, except under permit from the minister or Director of Animal Health.
(4) A person shall not sell or offer or expose for sale or attempt to sell livestock having an infectious or contagious disease, nor the carcass or a part of the carcass of livestock having a disease at the time of death, except to a licensed rendering plant.
(5) A person shall not put off, abandon or turn out livestock having an infectious or contagious disease nor throw away or discard the carcass or a part of the carcass of livestock having a disease at the time of death on a community pasture, public road or way or land not fenced or otherwise secured against the escape of the livestock.
(6) A person shall not throw or place the carcass of livestock that died of an infectious or contagious disease or that was slaughtered while diseased or a part or portion of a carcass in a river, stream, pond, lake or other water, or in the sea within 8 kilometres of the shore or permit or allow the same to be done with the carcass of the livestock or a part or portion of that carcass owned or in his or her possession, custody or control.
280/78 ss38&39; 280/78 ss41&42; 50/85 s1
Prohibition re buried carcasses
14. A person shall not uncover or dig up or cause or permit or allow to be uncovered or dug up the buried carcass of livestock that died or is suspected of having died from an infectious or contagious disease.
Bringing livestock into the province
15. A person shall not bring swine into the province unless that person has first obtained a permit to do so from the minister or the Director of Animal Health.
16. (1) The minister may order livestock suspected of having an infectious or contagious disease to be quarantined in or on the premises of the person owning or having possession, custody or control of those premises or in a place and for a period of time that the minister considers appropriate and if no infectious or contagious disease is found in the livestock then the livestock shall be released from quarantine and delivered to the person owning or claiming possession, custody or control of that livestock.
(2) A place designated for the quarantine of livestock shall be considered to be an infected place.
Director may deny entry
17. Livestock brought or being brought into the province and in the opinion of the Director of Animal Health taken as having undesirable qualities or breed characteristics or being unfit or unsuitable for the purpose for which livestock was intended may be denied entry and returned to the place of origin of the livestock at the cost or expense of the person owning or having possession, custody or control of the livestock.
Prohibition re interference and removal
18. (1) A person shall not interfere with the movement of livestock to a quarantine site, nor impede or obstruct the execution of an order, direction or instruction made or given by an inspector with respect to the inspection of livestock, or custody of livestock during inspection or conveyance to a quarantine site under these regulations.
(2) A person shall not remove or release livestock from quarantine without prior authority from an inspector.
19. A person who transports livestock into the province in contravention of these regulations shall bear the cost of transportation or disposition of the livestock from the point of entry into the province to the place of origin of the livestock.
20. Where, in the opinion of the minister or the Director of Animal Health, an animal that is being brought into the province has the potential to introduce rabies, the minister or the Director of Animal Health may order that the animal be subjected to a rabies vaccination before entry or if there is no rabies vaccine or vaccination schedule registered for that animal it may be denied entry to the province.
21. (1) Swine brought or being brought into the province shall be accompanied by a certificate signed by an official veterinarian or licensed veterinarian of the place of origin of the swine or an accredited veterinarian to the effect that
(a) the swine are free from infectious or contagious disease;
(b) the herds of origin of the swine originated from specific pathogen free stock and were established and maintained as minimal disease herds completely free from swine Erysipelas, Atrophic Rhinitis, Enzootic Pneumonia and Porcine Pleuro‑pneumonia;
(c) the progeny offered for entry were tested for Leptospirosis, Tuberculosis, Brucellosis, Transmissible Gastroenteritis (TGE) and Pseudorabies (Aujezky's Disease) with negative results within the preceding 30 days; and
(d) they have not been
(i) assembled or held in a stockyard or salesyard before shipment, and
(ii) exposed to other swine during shipment.
(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), upon entry into the province all swine shall be quarantined on the premises of the importer for a period of 3 months from the date of entry.
(3) Swine shall not be moved from the premises of the importer during the period of quarantine as set out in subsection (2) except under the authority of an inspector who may permit the removal of the swine directly to an abattoir under veterinary inspection for immediate slaughter.
(4) In the case of swine imported into the province directly from a quarantine station maintained by the Health of Animals Branch, the Director of Animal Health may in his or her discretion waive the period of quarantine under this section.
Ministerial order re swine health standards
22. In order to establish a minimal disease swine industry in the province, the minister may order the elimination of all swine that do not meet the health standards of the provincial swine productions policy other than swine originating from
(a) a government breeding station;
(b) multiplier and production herds operating under the provincial swine production policy; or
(c) importation under section 21.
23. The Livestock Health Regulations, 1973, Newfoundland Regulation 280/78, are repealed.
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