Newfoundland and Labrador
A Committee of the House derives its authority from the House which appointed it, and acquires the privileges which apply to that Legislature or Parliament. Committees are made up of Members of the House of Assembly.
At the beginning of each General Assembly a Striking Committee is formed, led by the Government House Leader to establish the Standing Committees of the House.
Striking Committee for the 48th General Assembly:
A Committee of the Whole House, or a Committee of Supply, is a meeting of all the Members of the House sitting in the Chamber as a committee. Presided over by a Chair rather than the Speaker, the Committee of the Whole reviews the details of legislation, in theory, and any other matters which might be referred to them.
The mace is removed from the Table as the Speaker is not in the Chair. In a Committee of the Whole, a Member may speak for 10 minutes as many times as s/he wishes, as long as there is an intervening speaker. This allows for more suitable discussions on the details of proposed legislation. As Committees of the Whole House and Committees of Supply take place in the House of Assembly Chamber, their proceedings are included in the Hansard for that sitting day.
Standing Committees are struck at the beginning of a General Assembly, are comprised of Members of the House of Assembly and continue for the duration of that Assembly. These committees examine and report on matters referred to them by the House or on matters traditionally considered within their mandate. They may be asked to review draft legislation before its introduction in the House and/or bills which have received second reading. Committees establish their own meeting schedules which do not conflict with the sitting hours of the House. In Newfoundland and Labrador there is provision for seven Standing Committees in the Standing Orders.
Select Committees are struck for a particular purpose such as the review of a matter of importance to government. Once they have reported, the committee ceases to exist.
Periodically, committees consisting of Members from all parties represented in the House of Assembly have been established by government to consider specific matters. While these committees comprise Members of the House of Assembly, they are not committees of the House; they are supported by departmental resources.
Recently active all-party committees established in this manner are: